2015 WHO: Sexual health, human rights and the law

Gender identity and expression

Being able to determine and express one’s gender identity without stigma, discrimination, exclusion and violence is an important dimension of health and well-being and the enjoyment of human rights. The possibility for people to live in accordance with their self-identified gender, in law and in fact, has a beneficial effect on their overall well-being, including being able to access health, social and other services. The respect, protection and fulfilment of human rights require that no one should be forced to undergo medical procedures, including gender-affirming surgery, sterilization or hormone therapy, or be forced to divorce, as a requirement for legal recognition of their gender identity and expression. A number of national laws that previously required such procedures for a change of identity have been challenged and modified, or new laws have been promulgated, to be in line with human rights standards.

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Hong Kong's Marriage Registration Procedures

According to the final judgement of the judicial review case of transsexual marriages, although Legco denies the second reading of the amendment of marriage bill, the government has made a communication, indicating that the immigration department has already amended certain administrative policies. For more information please read Q17:



Bills Committee on Marriage (Amendment) Bill 2014

Introduction: At the meeting of the Executive Council on 18 February 2014, the Council ADVISED and the Chief Executive ORDERED that the Marriage (Amendment) Bill 2014 (the Bill), at Annex A, should be introduced into the Legislative Council (LegCo) to implement the Court of Final Appeal (CFA)’s order in the case of W v the Registrar of Marriages (FACV 4/2012) (the W Case).

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2012 UNDP: Lost in Transition: Transgender People, Rights and HIV Vulnerability in the Asia-Pacific Region

The ‘Lost in Transition: Transgender People, Rights and HIV Vulnerability in the Asia-Pacific Region’ report aims to provide a research and strategic information framework. It will guide governments, civil society, donors and key stakeholders to design and produce relevant research as part of collective effort to reduce the extreme vulnerability of transgender people to HIV, while protecting their rights in the Asia-Pacific Region.

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2012 WPATH: Standards of Care for the Health of Transsexual, Transgender, and Gender Nonconforming People

The World Professional Association for Transgender Health promotes the highest standards of health care for individuals through the articulation of Standards of Care (SOC) for the Health of Transsexual, Transgender, and Gender Nonconforming People. The SOC are based on the best available science and expert professional consensus.

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2012 UN OHCHR: Born Free and Equal: Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in International Human Rights Law

"Born Free and Equal" sets out the source and scope of some of the core legal obligations that States have to protect the human rights of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) people. The 60-page booklet is designed as a tool for States, to help them better understand the nature of their obligations and the steps required to meet them, as well as for civil society activists, human rights defenders and others seeking to hold Governments to account for breaches of international human rights law.

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2003 'Country report': Hong Kong, legal issues

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