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In the lead-up to the International Day Against Homophobia, Transphobia and Biphobia (upcoming on 17th May 2021), the latest survey of 234 transgender people in Hong Kong between 2019 and 2020, the largest survey on the population in Hong Kong so far, has been released on 12th May 2021.

The survey conducted by the Sexualities Research Programme of the Chinese University of Hong Kong, in collaboration with the Transgender Resource Center, found that:

Rejection, victimisation and discrimination were the rule rather than the exception in many transgender people’s lives in Hong Kong. 76% of the respondents reported facing rejection in different dimensions of social life in their lifetime. 62% of the respondents reported having experienced different forms of victimisation in their lifetime. 51.1% of the respondents reported facing discrimination in at least one of the following four domains in the previous year: Employment (34.8%), education (34.8%), provision of goods and services (36.9%) and disposal and management of premises (26.2%).

Transgender people in Hong Kong reported great difficulties in using a toilet which matches their self-identified gender, or even simply accessing toilets in public spaces. Worse still, when using the toilet, transgender people in Hong Kong were subjected to verbal assault, physical violence, or even sexual contact against their wishes.

A substantial proportion of the respondents had not undergone, were not sure or did not want to undergo gender-affirming medical interventions because of a variety of reasons, which means they were excluded from being eligible for a change of the sex entry on the identity card sex entry based on the current regulations set out by the Hong Kong government. Only 5.6% of the respondents had changed the on their identity card, and another 6% said they were in the process of doing so. 75% agreed that the government should recognise non-binary gender options.

All of such social and legal marginalisation took a toll on the transgender people’s mental health in Hong Kong. 42.8% of the respondents showed moderate-to-severe levels of depressive symptoms, and 34.7% showed moderate-to-severe levels of anxiety symptoms. Besides, 31.2% of the respondents reported non-suicidal self-injurious behaviour in the past 12 months. There were 76.9% of them contemplated suicide, 25.6% made a suicide plan, and 12.8% attempted suicide in their lifetime. However, transgender people displayed agency and one-third of them took action to resist when facing transgender-related discrimination/cisgenderism.

> Download English Press Release

> Download English Research Report

 

Chinese News Coverage: 

1. 明報:中大調查:逾四成跨性別受訪者出入境遭負面對待 有抑鬱症狀
https://news.mingpao.com/ins/港聞/article/20210512/s00001/1620816055884/中大調查-逾四成跨性別受訪者出入境遭負面對待-有抑鬱症狀
http://www.mingpaocanada.com/Tor/htm/News/20210513/HK-ghb1_r.htm

2. 東方: 研究指近8成受訪跨性別人士有自殺念頭 倡設性別身份反歧視法
https://hk.on.cc/hk/bkn/cnt/news/20210512/bkn-20210512163144017-0512_00822_001.html

3. 商業電台:中大調查發現過半跨性別人士曾遭歧視
https://www.881903.com/news/local/2391242

4. 立場新聞: 研究指近 8 成跨性別人士有自殺念頭 促政府訂性別承認法、反歧視法
https://www.thestandnews.com/lgbtq/研究指近-8-成跨性別人士有自殺念頭-促政府訂性別承認法-反歧視法/

5. 眾新聞: 跨性別平權W案後無寸進 中大調查:51%受訪者面對歧視
https://www.hkcnews.com/article/41277/跨性別人士-跨性別廁所-羅寶璘-41277/跨性別人士

6. HK01: 調查發現近八成跨性別人士曾想過自殺 學者促跟進性別承認法
https://www.hk01.com/18區新聞/624319/調查發現近八成跨性別人士曾想過自殺-學者促跟進性別承認法

7. 頭條新聞:中大調查發現 逾半跨性別人士曾遭歧視
https://hd.stheadline.com/news/realtime/hk/2070921/即時-港聞-中大調查發現-逾半跨性別人士曾遭歧視

8. AM730: 八成跨性別港人想過自殺 專家倡精神健康支援 
https://www.am730.com.hk/news/新聞/八成跨性別港人想過自殺-專家倡精神健康支援-267751

9. 經濟一週:中大調查|過半跨性別港人曾遭歧視 
https://www.edigest.hk/熱話/中大調查|過半跨性別港人曾遭歧視-278777/

10. 香港商報:  中大調查:本港近八成跨性別受訪者表示曾遭歧視
https://hkcd.com/content/2021-05/12/content_1267770.html

 

English News coverage: 

11. RTHK News: Transgender people face broad discrimination: survey
https://news.rthk.hk/rthk/en/component/k2/1590556-20210512.htm

12. SCMP: Three-quarters of transgender people in Hong Kong have considered suicide, Chinese University survey reveals
https://www.scmp.com/news/hong-kong/law-and-crime/article/3133243/three-quarters-transgender-people-hong-kong-have

13. Hong Kong Free Press: Half of transgender people in Hong Kong face discrimination, CUHK research shows
https://hongkongfp.com/2021/05/13/half-of-transgender-people-in-hong-kong-face-discrimination-cuhk-research-shows/

14. The Standard: Half of transgenders face discrimination: survey
https://www.thestandard.com.hk/breaking-news/section/4/172066/Half-of-transgenders-face-discrimination:-survey?fbclid=IwAR1aedIoHiiGMXxUchVR1KB7k6GLZEZpdiIMjFW3huHzOXywp9PEdm0jn7w

 

Live radio programme current affairs: 

15. RTHK Hong Kong Today (13 May):
https://news.rthk.hk/rthk/en/news-programmes/this-episode.htm?cmsid=77

 

Earlier studies have consistently documented sexual orientation disparities in mental health, with lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) individuals being at greater risk of poor mental health than cisgender heterosexual individuals. The Chinese University of Hong Kong The Chinese University of Hong Kong conducted research that studies the disparities in mental health of LGBT individuals (incl. lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender individuals) and cisgender heterosexual individuals in 2017 with an aim to examine mental health of LGBT individuals in Hong Kong and identify protective and risk factors that contribute to their mental health outcomes.

Please see below the research report series:

LGBT Community Mental Health Research Report series (1)

LGBT Community Mental Health Research Report series (2)

LGBT Community Mental Health Research Report series (3)

For more information, please check: CUHK Diversity & Well-Being Laboratory

跨性別資源中心於去年一月至十二月進行「針對跨性別人士暴力研究調查」,目的為了解本港跨性別人士在家庭、親密關係、職場和公眾場所遭受暴力對待的情況。調查以網上問卷形式進行,收回有效問卷135份。結果顯示接近半數(45.9%)的受訪者曾經遭受暴力對待,受害者超過六成( 62.9%) 面對肢體暴力。

調查由婦女動力基金贊助,是香港首個以跨性別人士為對象的暴力研究。本中心更委託香港浸會大學社會學系副教授黃結梅博士及亞洲社會研究所進行研究及分析。

香港浸會大學社會學系副教授黃結梅博士表示,研究結果顯示社會人士在否定跨性別人士的性別認同,建議政府盡快訂立性別承認法,還跨性別人士應有的尊重。「法律是第一步承認跨性別人士的身份,亦是必須的第一步,這樣才可以延伸至家庭及教育等方面。」

從事多年性小眾輔導工作的資深輔導員張佩琦博士,在分享家庭支援對防止針對跨性別人士的家庭暴力時指出,曾有家長誤以為將跨性別子女逐出家門,可以迫使他們放棄。「父母很多時出於關心,認為跨性別的路難行而不想子女成為跨性別人士,這樣其實是一個惡性循環。如果社會接受,家長了解,可以減少出現這些暴力情況。」

跨性別資源中心主席梁詠恩表示,針對跨性別人士的暴力情況嚴重,但對跨性別人士及其家庭的支技不足,呼籲政府及社會人士多一點提供支援。她續表示跨性別資源中心出版的刊物有助家長及社會人士了解跨性別人士,消弭誤解,減少歧視和暴力出現。

 

「是非男女」第一冊:本土跨性別閱讀手冊
http://tgr.org.hk/joomla30/index.php/zh/10-database/5-2016-10-15-19-42-38

「是非男女」第二冊:跨性別家長手冊
http://tgr.org.hk/joomla30/index.php/zh/10-database/6-2016-10-15-19-46-23

「是非男女」第三冊:跨性別同盟手冊
http://tgr.org.hk/joomla30/index.php/zh/10-database/7-2016-10-16-17-52-46

「是非男女」第四冊:The Book of Transgender in Hong Kong (英文版)
http://tgr.org.hk/joomla30/index.php/zh/10-database/260-2016-10-16-17-52-47

 

講者簡介

黄結梅博士
香港浸會大學社會學系副教授,研究題目包括母女關係、同志運動、中國性學、性小眾等。她是香港家計會 [2016年青少年與性] 研究小組委員。主編書籍有<打開性/別> (2012) ; <打開男性> (2014)。曾撰文討論跨性別社群 -- [正當的身體? -- 跨性別在傳媒],載於 <我城我性 : 香港性/別日常>。

張佩琦博士
亞洲社會研究所研究員、性別研究學者,張博士的論文以跨性別人士性別身份形成為題。張佩琦博士從事性小眾輔導工作多年,是一位資深輔導員。

梁詠恩
跨性別資源中心創辦人及主席,因其跨性別身份及獨特視野,對社會上的弱勢群體及種種不公義尤為關注。

跨性別資源中心於2008年成立,致力於推動香港的跨性別運動,以教育為基礎,為社會人士及跨性別社群提供資訊及資源,幫助社會了解及加深認識跨性別議題,以及讓跨性別人士得到應有之協助及權益。中心工作分為社群服務、公眾教育及倡導工作。每月舉辦聚會,讓跨性別人士有適當的空間,發揮關顧互助精神,亦讓社會上對跨性別友善的人士,能有接觸及支援群體的渠道。

>下載研究報告PDF

觀看記者招待會實況

https://youtu.be/zyGa3Iz-n-c

 

 
A new report issued by the Centre for Comparative and Public Law shows that Hong Kong public opinion on same-sex couples’ rights has changed significantly in recent years. In 2013, only a minority of Hong Kong people said that same-sex couples should be permitted to marry (38%). By 2017, however, over half of people expressed agreement with same-sex marriage (50.4%). In 2017, 78% of Hong Kong people said that same-sex couples should have at least some of the rights enjoyed by different-sex couples, compared with 73% in 2013. In addition, 69% of people in 2017 said that Hong Kong should have a law to protect against sexual orientation discrimination, compared with 58% in 2013.
 

 

 超過六成受訪跨性別人士曾想過自殺

專家促加強服務配套與立法保障

五月十七日是「國際不再恐同日」,今年主題為 “Mental Health and Wellbeing” (愛自己,做自己)。跨性別資源中心聯同香港中文大學孫耀東博士於五月十四日發佈「跨性別人士情緒健康調查」結果。

跨性別資源中心於2014至2015年間進行「香港跨性別人士情緒健康」調查,調查以網上問卷形式進行,訪問對象為年齡15歲以上的跨性別人士,並成功收回190份問卷。結果顯示63.2%的受訪者表示曾經想過自殺,曾嘗試自殺的則有18.4% ; 年齡30歲以下的受訪者表示受曾經想過自殺的有70.4%,曾嘗試自殺的則有24.1%。

本中心委託香港中文大學社會學系孫耀東教授進行分析,孫博士形容調查結果「驚人」,尤其是在年輕的跨性別人士當中,曾經有自殺念頭和的比率高至70%。他建議政府應盡快進行政策及服務上的配合。同時服務提供者亦應考慮跨性別人士的需要,尤其近期相關研究發現跨性別人士、同性戀者和雙性人士在使用服務時,包括由社工及輔導員提供的服務,曾經遭到歧視。

跨性別資源中心輔導員張佩琦指出,跨性別人士的壓力來源離不開社會的大環境和家庭,「很多時人們都是受社會氣氛影響,而不接受跨性別人士。」

前沙田威爾斯親王醫院性診所主管麥棨諾醫生表示,跨性別人士並不是為了標奇立異,也不要求特別優待,「他們只有一個卑微的要求,就是大家接受他們。」此外,麥醫生指出擔心自己的子女受到不公平對待是跨性別人士家長主要的憂慮,建議社會給予跨性別人士家長適當的支持,因為家庭的支援對跨性別人士是很重要的一環。

跨性別資源中心主席梁詠恩指出,在沒有法律的保障下,跨性別人士承受很大的壓力,並促請政府盡快訂立性別承認法和反歧視法,以保障跨性別人士。

 

觀看記者招待會實況

 

講者簡介

孫耀東博士為香港中文大學社會學系助理教授,主要研究範圍包性別、老齡化和健康問題。孫博士是平等機會委員會委托中文大學性別研究中心進行[有關性傾向,性別認同及雙性人身份歧視的研究]的首席研究員和報告主筆。

麥棨諾醫生為私人執業精神科醫生,擁有超過八年跨性別精神健康方面的經驗,曾為沙田威爾斯親王醫院性診所主管醫生。麥醫生與他的同事曾出版本港性別焦慮症的研究。

張佩琦博士為跨性別資源中心輔導員、資深心理輔導員及性別研究學者。

梁詠恩為跨性別資源中心創辦人及主席,因其跨性別身份及獨特視野,對社會上的弱勢群體及種種不公義尤其關注。

跨性別資源中心於2008年成立,致力於推動香港的跨性別運動,以教育為基礎,為社會人士及跨性別社群提供資訊及資源,幫助社會了解及加深認識跨性別議題,以及讓跨性別人士得到應有之協助及權益。中心工作分為社群服務、公眾教育及倡導工作。每月舉辦聚會,讓跨性別人士有適當的空間,發揮關顧互助精神,亦讓社會上對跨性別友善的人士,能有接觸及支援群體的渠道。